African Vs. Asian Elephant (What’s The Differences)

Last Updated on December 30, 2022 by Lily Connel

African elephants have bigger ears and longer tusks compared to their Asian counterpart which is smaller with an elevated forehead, a curved back and tinier ears. The African elephant’s trunk also has two finger-like features at the end that lets them grip items better while the Asian elephant’s trunk only has one.

African and Asian elephants are incredible animals that are sadly endangered due to habitat loss and poaching. If you’re lucky enough to see either species in the wild, consider yourself fortunate – it’s an experience you’ll never forget!

Image Source:

African Vs Asian Elephants- The Differences

SerialAfrican ElephantsAsian Elephants
1.The African elephant lives in the sub-Saharan region of Africa.Asian elephants live in several Asian countries. They are native to India and Sri Lanka, but can also be found in other Southeast Asian countries.
2.African elephants are very large. They can grow as tall as 13 feet at the shoulder.The Asian elephant can grow to be 11.5 feet tall.
3.African elephants can weigh up to 14,000 pounds.Elephants in Asia weigh about 4,000 pounds.
4.African elephants eat grasses.Elephants in Asia mostly eat tree bark and other vegetation from the forest floor.
5.African Elephants have wrinkly skin.Asian Elephants have less wrinkly skin.
6.African elephants have the largest ears.Asian elephants have small ears.
7.African elephants don’t have a dome on their forehead.Asian elephants have a dome on their forehead.

Type of Elephant

Elephants are divided into two general types: African elephants and Asian elephants. They may look similar, but there are some differences between them. An African elephant has a rounded head, while an Asian elephant has a twin-domed head.

African Elephant Vs. Asian Elephant Size

We all know that elephants are significant, but have you ever wondered how big they are? African elephants are the largest land animals on the planet, while Asian elephants are a bit smaller. So, what’s the difference in size between these two elephant species?

The average African elephant bull weighs around 24,000 pounds (11 metric tons), while the average Asian elephant bull weighs about 10,800 pounds (4.9 metric tons). That means African elephants are nearly twice as giant as their Asian counterparts!

Females of both species weigh less than males, but the average African female is still about 1.5 times larger than the average Asian female. Regarding height, African elephants typically stand around 11 feet tall at the shoulder, while Asian elephants only reach about 9 feet.

So not only are African elephants much heavier than Asian elephants, but they’re also taller! One of the reasons why African elephants are so much larger than Asian elephants is that they live in a hotter climate. Africa is home to some of the hottest temperatures on Earth! The extra heat helps these animals maintain their large body size by making it easier for them to digest food and convert it into energy.

Interestingly, despite their size differences, African and Asian elephant calves weigh about 200 pounds (90 kg) at birth and grow at a similar rate during their first year. After that first year, things start to change, and African calves continue growing much faster than their Asian cousins. An adult-sized difference has already begun to emerge by age three or four!

What is the Difference between African And Asian Elephants?
Image Source:

The difference between African and Asian elephants is that African elephants are more significant, have more wrinkled skin, and their ears are more rounded. They also tend to have more hair on their bodies. Asian elephants are smaller, have smoother skin, and have more pointed ears.

They also tend to have less hair on their bodies.

Which is Bigger, The African Or The Asian Elephant?

According to National Geographic, the African elephant is the world’s largest land animal. Males can weigh up to six and a half tons (5,919 kilograms), while females weigh about two and a half tons (2,268 kg) less. On average, an African elephant bull is about 3.3 meters (10.8 feet) tall at the shoulder and 6.5 meters (21.3 feet) long from head to tail.

An African elephant cow is slightly smaller, averaging 2.6 meters (8.5 feet) tall and 5 meters (16.4 feet) long from head to tail [source: National Geographic]. Asian elephants are the largest land animals in Asia. Adult bulls typically weigh between two and four tons (1,814-3,629 kg), while cows usually weigh between 1.4 and 2.6 tons (1,270-2,268 kg).

The giant Asian elephant on record was a bull that weighed in at 5.5 tons (4,990 kg). Male Asian elephants are also larger than females when it comes to a height; they average about 3 meters (9.8 feet) tall at the shoulder, while females are typically only 2 to 2.7 meters (6.6-8 .9 feet) tall [sources: National Geographic, San Diego Zoo Global].

Which Elephant is More Aggressive?

African elephants are more aggressive than Asian elephants. This is because African elephants compete with other animals for food and water, while Asian elephants do not. This means that African elephants are more likely to attack other animals, including humans, to get what they need.

Which Elephant is Smarter, African Or Asian?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on several factors, including the individual elephant’s intelligence, experience, and environment. However, some experts believe that African elephants may be generally more intelligent than Asian elephants. One reason for this belief is that African elephants have larger brains than Asian elephants.

This difference in brain size may be because African elephants live in more complex social groups than their Asian counterparts. African elephants also have longer lifespans than Asian elephants, which gives them more time to learn and develop their intelligence. Another factor contributing to the belief that African elephants are more intelligent is their exposure to humans.

Image Source:

Due to the ongoing ivory trade, many African elephants are killed by humans each year. As a result, those who survive must learn to avoid contact with humans to stay safe. This necessitates a certain level of intelligence and problem-solving ability.


There are also many individual differences between individual animals of both species, so it is impossible to say which group is more intelligent overall. However, the evidence does suggest that African elephants may have an edge when it comes to intelligence.