The Pros and Cons of Human Resources

Last Updated on May 11, 2023 by Lily Connel

Like any business function, there are both advantages and disadvantages to human resources management. Human resources helps to create an environment of continuous learning and skill development, providing employees with the tools necessary to succeed in their roles. However, HR functions take time and resources, which can be distracting for businesses that need to focus on other areas, such as product development and sales.

What is Human Resources?

Human Resources (HR) is a function within an organization that is responsible for managing the employee lifecycle from recruitment to retirement. HR plays a crucial role in an organization by ensuring that the workforce is aligned with the company’s goals, values, and culture.

HR professionals are responsible for developing and implementing strategies while maintaining legal compliance and promoting a positive work environment. HR also manages employee benefits, payroll, and employee relations, among other administrative tasks. Overall, the purpose of HR is to optimize the organization’s human capital and maximize its potential for success.

Importance of Human Resources in an Organization

Here are some key points highlighting the importance of Human Resources in an organization:

  • Recruitment and retention: HR is responsible for finding and hiring the right talent for the organization, which is crucial for success. Additionally, HR plays a vital role in retaining valuable employees through various initiatives.
  • Employee development: HR designs and implements training programs, career pathing, and other professional development opportunities to help employees grow and enhance their skills, which benefits both the employee and the organization.
  • Legal compliance: HR ensures the organization follows local, state, and federal laws and regulations, minimizing the risk of legal action against the company.
  • Employee engagement: HR promotes a positive work culture, encourages employee feedback, and addresses employee concerns, which boosts employee morale, productivity, and loyalty.
  • Succession planning: HR plans for the future by identifying and developing employees who have the potential to take on leadership roles in the organization.
  • Organizational development: HR plays a role in shaping the company culture and promoting a positive work environment, contributing to the overall success of the organization.

Cons of Human Resources

Working in human resources has its set of challenges and difficulties that potential candidates should consider before venturing into this field. Here are some of the cons of working in human resources:

  • Heavy workload: Working with people is different than working with machinery, and there are no set directions for dealing with employees. This means that HR employees will face a variety of difficulties on the job. They may have to play the role of mediator between upper management and baseline employees, which is often a daunting task. They may also find it challenging to balance the demands of the employer and employees equally.
  • Office politics: HR professionals cannot escape office politics. In many companies, managers have their favorites, and employees usually have hidden agendas. It is essential for an HR employee to identify the political players in the company and try to minimize the impact they have on the organization as a whole.

The Future of Human Resources

The future of human resources is promising and continuously growing. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the human resource industry is expected to add approximately 9% new jobs to the workforce. This means that there will be an increase in demand for HR professionals, creating an array of opportunities for job seekers who are interested in this field. Here are some key points highlighting the future of Human Resources:

  • The impact of technology: With the rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), HR is expected to leverage technology to automate repetitive tasks and improve decision-making. HR professionals will need to adapt to new HR technologies, such as Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS), to streamline processes and improve data analytics.
  • Automation: HR will increasingly rely on automation to handle routine administrative tasks, allowing HR professionals to focus on more strategic initiatives, such as workforce planning, employee development, and organizational development.
  • The role of HR professionals: The HR function is evolving, and HR professionals must adapt by acquiring new skills and competencies, such as data analysis, digital marketing, and project management, to succeed in the future.
  • Emphasis on employee experience: HR is expected to focus more on the employee experience, which includes everything from onboarding and training to employee engagement and retention. HR professionals will need to develop a deep understanding of what motivates employees and create personalized experiences to attract and retain top talent.
  • Globalization: As businesses continue to expand globally, HR will need to adapt to cultural differences and local laws and regulations, requiring HR professionals to have a global mindset and cross-cultural competence.


In conclusion, while human resource management can bring numerous benefits to an organization, there are also potential drawbacks to consider. On the positive side, a well-functioning HR department can provide better management experience, enhance employee relationships, improve organizational effectiveness, and increase job satisfaction. However, on the negative side, the HR manager may not be able to be too friendly with employees, and the department could become too bureaucratic, leading to a lack of flexibility.